Failed to create repository %s %s – How to solve this Elasticsearch error

Opster Team

Aug-23, Version: 8.4-8.9

Briefly, this error occurs when Elasticsearch is unable to create a repository due to issues like incorrect configuration settings, insufficient permissions, or non-existent location. To resolve this, ensure that the repository configuration is correct, including the repository type and settings. Check if the Elasticsearch process has the necessary permissions to access the repository location. If the repository location doesn’t exist, create it. Also, ensure that the repository plugin (if any) is properly installed and compatible with your Elasticsearch version.

This guide will help you check for common problems that cause the log ” failed to create repository [%s][%s] ” to appear. To understand the issues related to this log, read the explanation below about the following Elasticsearch concepts: repositories, repository.

Log Context

Log “failed to create repository [%s][%s]” classname is
We extracted the following from Elasticsearch source code for those seeking an in-depth context :

            repository = factory.create(repositoryMetadata; factories::get);
            return repository;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            logger.warn(() -> format("failed to create repository [%s][%s]"; repositoryMetadata.type();; e);
            throw new RepositoryException(; "failed to create repository"; e);