How To Solve Issues Related to Log – Version of mappings for not found; recreating

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Updated: Jan-20

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Troubleshooting background

To troubleshoot Elasticsearch log “Version of mappings for not found; recreating” it’s important to understand common problems related to Elasticsearch concepts: plugin, version. See detailed explanations below complete with common problems, examples and useful tips.

Plugin in Elasticsearch

What it is

A plugin is used to enhance the core functionalities of Elasticsearch. Elasticsearch provides some core plugins as a part of their release installation. In addition to those core plugins, it is possible to write your own custom plugins as well. There are several community plugins available on GitHub for various use cases.

Examples:
  • Get all the instructions for the plugin usage
sudo bin/elasticsearch-plugin -h
  • Installing S3 plugin using URL for storing Elasticsearch snapshots on S3
sudo bin/elasticsearch-plugin install repository-s3
  • Removing a plugin
sudo bin/elasticsearch-plugin remove repository-s3
  • Installing a plugin using the file path
sudo bin/elasticsearch-plugin install file:///path/to/plugin.zip

Notes:
  • Plugins are installed and removed using the elasticsearch-plugin script, which ships as a part of Elasticsearch installation and can be found inside the bin/ directory of the Elasticsearch installation path.
  • A plugin has to be installed on every node of the cluster and each of the nodes has to be restarted to make the plugin visible.
  • You can also download the plugin manually and then install it using the elasticsearch-plugin install command, providing the file name/path of the plugin’s source file.
  • When a plugin is removed, you will need to restart every elasticsearch node in order to complete the removal process.

Common Problems:
  • Managing permission issues during and after plugin installation is the most common problem. If Elasticsearch was installed using the deb or rpm package then the plugin has to be installed using the root user, or else you can install the plugin as the user that owns all of the Elasticsearch files.
  • In case of deb or rpm package installation, it is important to check the permission of the plugins directory after plugin installation and update the permission if it has been modified using the following command:
chown -R elasticsearch:elasticsearch path_to_plugin_directory 
  • If your Elasticsearch nodes are running in a private subnet without internet access, you cannot install a plugin directly. In this case, you can simply download the plugins at once and copy the files inside the plugins directory of the Elasticsearch installation path on every node. The node has to be restarted in this case as well.

Version in Elasticsearch


A version corresponds to the Elasticsearch built-in tracking system that tracks the changes in each document’s update. When a document is indexed for the first time, it is assigned a version 1 using _version key. When the same document gets a subsequent update, the _version is incremented by 1 with every index, update or delete API call.

What it is used for

A version is used to handle the concurrency issues in Elasticsearch which come into play during simultaneous accessing of an index by multiple users. Elasticsearch handles this issue with an optimistic locking concept using the _version parameter to avoid letting multiple users edit the same document at the same time and protects users from generating incorrect data.

Notes

You cannot see the history of the document using _version. That means Elasticsearch does not use _version to keep a track of original changes that had been performed on the document. For example, if a document has been updated 10 times, it’s _version would be marked by Elasticsearch as 11, but you cannot go back and see what version 5 of the document looked like. This has to be implemented independently.

Common Problems

If optimistic locking is not implemented while making updates to a document, Elasticsearch may return a conflict error with the 409 status code, which means that multiple users are trying to update the same version of the document at the same time.

POST /ratings/123?version=50
{
    "name": "Joker",
    "rating": 50
}


To help troubleshoot related issues we have gathered selected Q&A from the community and issues from Github , please review the following for further information :

1 analyzer not found when creating index mapping 3.46 K  1

2 Analyzer not found exception while creating an index with mapping and settings 3.63 K  2


Log Context

Log ”Version of mappings for [{}] not found; recreating” classname is ElasticsearchMappings.java
We have extracted the following from Elasticsearch source code to get an in-depth context :

<pre class="wp-block-syntaxhighlighter-code">                     
SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
                    Map<String; Object> meta = (Map<String; Object>) metaData.sourceAsMap().get("_meta");
                    if (meta != null) {
                        String versionString = (String) meta.get("version");
                        if (versionString == null) {
                            logger.info("Version of mappings for [{}] not found; recreating"; index);
                            indicesToUpdate.add(index);
                            continue;
                        }

                        Version mappingVersion = Version.fromString(versionString);



</pre>

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