How To Solve Issues Related to Log – Cant read metadata from store; will not reuse local files during restore

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Updated: Jan-20

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Troubleshooting background

To troubleshoot Elasticsearch log “Cant read metadata from store; will not reuse local files during restore” it’s important to understand common problems related to Elasticsearch concepts: blobstore, discovery-file, repositories, restore. See detailed explanations below complete with common problems, examples and useful tips.

Repository in Elasticsearch

What it is

An Elasticsearch snapshot provides a backup mechanism that takes the current state and data in the cluster and saves it to a repository (read the Glossary term Snapshot for more information). The backup process requires a repository to be created first. The repository needs to be registered using the _snapshot endpoint, and multiple repositories per cluster can be created. The following repository types are supported. 

Repository Types:
Repository TypeConfiguration Type
Shared file systemType: “fs”
S3Type : “s3”
HDFSType :“hdfs”
AzureType: “azure”
Google Cloud StorageType : “gcs”

To register a repository of type fs:

PUT _snapshot/my_repo_01
"type": "fs",
"settings": {
"location": "/mnt/my_repo_dir"
Notes and common problems
  • S3, HDFS , Azure and Google Cloud requires a relevant plugin to be installed before it can be used for a snapshot.
  • The setting, path.repo: /mnt/my_repo_dir needs to be added to elasticsearch.yml on all the nodes in case you are planning to use repo type of file system otherwise it will fail
  • In case of using remote repositories , the network bandwidth and repository storage throughput should be high enough to complete the snapshot operations normally , otherwise you will end up in partial snapshots.

To help troubleshoot related issues we have gathered selected Q&A from the community and issues from Github , please review the following for further information :

1 At Does Stale File Handle In Linux  

2Github Issue Number 37960  

Github Issue Number 36816

Log Context

Log ”[{}] [{}] Can’t read metadata from store; will not reuse local files during restore” classname is
We have extracted the following from Elasticsearch source code to get an in-depth context :

<pre class="wp-block-syntaxhighlighter-code">             } catch (org.apache.lucene.index.IndexNotFoundException e) {
                // happens when restore to an empty shard; not a big deal
                logger.trace("[{}] [{}] restoring from to an empty shard"; shardId; snapshotId);
                recoveryTargetMetadata = Store.MetadataSnapshot.EMPTY;
            } catch (IOException e) {
                logger.warn(new ParameterizedMessage("[{}] [{}] Can't read metadata from store; will not reuse local files during restore";
                    shardId; snapshotId); e);
                recoveryTargetMetadata = Store.MetadataSnapshot.EMPTY;

            final List<BlobStoreIndexShardSnapshot.FileInfo> filesToRecover = new ArrayList<>();


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