Negative value in circuit breaker – How to solve this Elasticsearch error

Opster Team

Aug-23, Version: 7.17-8.9

Briefly, this error occurs when Elasticsearch’s circuit breaker, a mechanism to prevent OutOfMemory errors, has a negative value. This could be due to a bug or incorrect configuration. To resolve this, you can try updating Elasticsearch to the latest version to ensure any known bugs are fixed. Alternatively, check your Elasticsearch configuration for any incorrect settings related to circuit breakers, such as the “” setting, and correct them if necessary.

This guide will help you check for common problems that cause the log ” negative value in circuit breaker: {} ” to appear. To understand the issues related to this log, read the explanation below about the following Elasticsearch concepts: circuit, breaker, indices.

Log Context

Log “negative value in circuit breaker: {}” classname is
We extracted the following from Elasticsearch source code for those seeking an in-depth context :

        } else {
            // Something's definitely wrong; maybe a breaker was freed twice? Still; we're just creating an exception message here; so we
            // should keep going if we're running in production.
            logger.error("negative value in circuit breaker: {}"; stringBuilder);
            assert permitNegativeValues : stringBuilder.toString();

    private CircuitBreaker validateAndCreateBreaker(BreakerSettings breakerSettings) {


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