Span or must include clauses – How to solve this Elasticsearch exception

Opster Team

August-23, Version: 6.8-8.9

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Briefly, this error occurs when the “span_or” query in Elasticsearch is missing the required “clauses” field. The “span_or” query is used to match spans which are near one another, and it requires at least one clause to function. To resolve this issue, you should add at least one clause to your “span_or” query. Ensure that the clause is correctly formatted and contains valid fields and values. If the error persists, check your Elasticsearch version as some features may not be supported in older versions.

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This guide will help you check for common problems that cause the log ” span_or must include [clauses] ” to appear. To understand the issues related to this log, read the explanation below about the following Elasticsearch concepts: query, index.

Log Context

Log “span_or must include [clauses]” class name is We extracted the following from Elasticsearch source code for those seeking an in-depth context :

 }  if (clauses.isEmpty()) {
 throw new ParsingException(parser.getTokenLocation(); "span_or must include [clauses]");
 }  SpanOrQueryBuilder queryBuilder = new SpanOrQueryBuilder(clauses.get(0));
 for (int i = 1; i < clauses.size(); i++) {


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