Elasticsearch Elasticsearch Get Settings

By Opster Team

Updated: Aug 26, 2023

| 2 min read

Quick Links


Elasticsearch provides a multitude of APIs to interact with its core functionalities, one such API is the Get Settings API, which allows users to retrieve settings information for an index or multiple indices. This article will delve into the intricacies of the Get Settings API, its usage, and how to handle common issues that may arise.

The Get Settings API is a crucial tool for managing and understanding your Elasticsearch environment. It provides detailed information about the settings of an index, including the number of shards, replicas, and other index-specific configurations. This information is vital for optimizing the performance of your Elasticsearch cluster and ensuring its stability.

Retrieving settings for all indices

To retrieve settings for all indices, you can use the following command:

GET /_settings

This will return a JSON object containing the settings for all indices. 

Retrieving settings for a specific index

If you want to retrieve settings for a specific index, you can specify the index name in the URL, like so:

GET /my_index/_settings

In the response, you’ll find settings such as `index.number_of_shards` and `index.number_of_replicas`, which represent the number of primary shards and replica shards for the index, respectively.

It is also possible to return the default values of all index settings using the `include_defaults` boolean parameter:

GET /my_index/_settings?include_defaults=true

In the response, you’ll find the specific setting values you’ve configured on your index as well as all the default values of all the existing index settings.

Retrieving specific settings of an index

You can also retrieve specific settings by appending the setting name or a comma-separated list of setting names to the URL. For example, to get the number of shards for an index, you can use:

GET /my_index/_settings/index.number_of_shards
GET /my_index/_settings/index.number_of_shards,index.number_of_replicas

This will return only the number of shards for the specified index.

Handling common issues

Non-existent index error

While the Get Settings API is straightforward to use, it’s not uncommon to encounter issues. One common issue is receiving an error when trying to retrieve settings for a non-existent index. Elasticsearch will return a `404 Not Found` error in this case. To avoid this, always ensure that the index exists before attempting to retrieve its settings.

Retrieving non-existent or unset settings

Another common issue is trying to retrieve a setting that doesn’t exist or isn’t set for the index. In this case, Elasticsearch will return an empty response. To avoid confusion, it’s recommended to familiarize yourself with the available index settings and their default values.

Updating index settings

In some cases, you might need to update the settings of an index. This can be done using the Update Indices Settings API. However, keep in mind that not all settings can be updated on a live index. Some settings require the index to be closed before they can be updated.

Here’s an example of how to update the number of replicas for an index:

PUT /my_index/_settings
    "index" : {
        "number_of_replicas" : 2

This command will update the number of replicas for `my_index` to 2.