Elasticsearch Integrating Apache Spark with Elasticsearch: A Comprehensive Guide

By Opster Team

Updated: Jul 20, 2023

| 2 min read


Apache Spark and Elasticsearch are two highly effective tools in the world of big data processing and search. When integrated, they can provide a robust solution for handling large volumes of data and delivering fast, reliable search results. This article will delve into the process of integrating Apache Spark with Elasticsearch, providing a step-by-step guide to help you leverage the combined power of these two technologies. If you want to learn about failed to parse field of type in document with id ”.” – how to solve this Elasticsearch error, check out this guide.

Before we begin, it’s important to note that both Apache Spark and Elasticsearch have their own unique strengths. Apache Spark is renowned for its ability to process large datasets in parallel across a distributed system, while Elasticsearch is known for its search capabilities, providing near real-time search and supporting multi-tenancy.

Step 1: Setting Up the Environment

The first step in integrating Apache Spark with Elasticsearch is setting up the environment. This involves installing both Apache Spark and Elasticsearch on your system. You can download the latest versions of both from their respective official websites.

Step 2: Configuring Elasticsearch for Spark

Once you have both Apache Spark and Elasticsearch installed, the next step is to configure Elasticsearch to work with Spark. This involves setting up Elasticsearch as a Spark package. You can do this by adding the Elasticsearch Spark connector to your Spark project. The connector allows Spark to read from and write to Elasticsearch.

Step 3: Writing Data to Elasticsearch

After setting up the Elasticsearch Spark connector, you can start writing data to Elasticsearch from Spark. This can be done using the saveToEs() function provided by the connector. The function takes two parameters: the Elasticsearch index where the data will be stored, and the data itself.

Here’s an example:

val data = sparkContext.parallelize(Array(Map("name" -> "John", "age" -> 30)))

In this example, we’re creating a new index called “people” and storing a document with the fields “name” and “age”.

Step 4: Reading Data from Elasticsearch

Reading data from Elasticsearch is just as straightforward. You can use the esRDD() function provided by the Elasticsearch Spark connector. The function takes the Elasticsearch index as a parameter and returns an RDD (Resilient Distributed Dataset).

Here’s an example:

val data = sparkContext.esRDD("people/data")

In this example, we’re reading the data stored in the “people” index.

Step 5: Querying Data

Elasticsearch provides a powerful query DSL that you can use to query your data. You can pass your query to the esRDD() function to retrieve the matching documents.

Here’s an example:

val query = """{"query" : {"match_all" : {}}}"""
val data = sparkContext.esRDD("people/data", query)

In this example, we’re retrieving all documents from the “people” index.


In conclusion, integrating Apache Spark with Elasticsearch can significantly enhance your data processing and search capabilities. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can set up a powerful, scalable solution for handling and searching large volumes of data.

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