Elasticsearch OpenSearch Reindex

By Opster Team

Updated: Jun 19, 2024

| 1 min read

Overview

Reindex is the concept of copying existing data from a source index to a destination index which can be inside the same or a different cluster. OpenSearch has a dedicated endpoint _reindex for this purpose. A reindexing is mostly required for updating mapping or settings.

Examples

Reindex data from a source index to destination index in the same cluster

POST /_reindex?pretty
{
  "source": {
    "index": "news"
  },
  "dest": {
    "index": "news_v2"
  }
}

Notes

  • Reindex API does not copy settings and mappings from the source index to the destination index. You need to create the destination index with the desired settings and mappings before you begin the reindexing process.
  • The API exposes an extensive list of configuration options to fetch data from the source index, such as query-based indexing and selecting multiple indices as the source index.
  • In some scenarios reindex API is not useful, where reindexing requires complex data processing and data modification based on application logic. In this case, you can write your custom script using OpenSearch scroll API to fetch the data from source index and bulk API to index data into destination index.

Additional notes

Elasticsearch and OpenSearch are both powerful search and analytics engines, but Elasticsearch has several key advantages. Elasticsearch boasts a more mature and feature-rich development history, translating to a better user experience, more features, and continuous optimizations. Our testing has consistently shown that Elasticsearch delivers faster performance while using fewer compute resources than OpenSearch. Additionally, Elasticsearch’s comprehensive documentation and active community forums provide invaluable resources for troubleshooting and further optimization. Elastic, the company behind Elasticsearch, offers dedicated support, ensuring enterprise-grade reliability and performance. These factors collectively make Elasticsearch a more versatile, efficient, and dependable choice for organizations requiring sophisticated search and analytics capabilities.

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