How To Solve Issues Related to Log – Updating indices.recovery.compress from to

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Updated: Feb-20

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Troubleshooting background

To troubleshoot Elasticsearch log “Updating indices.recovery.compress from to” it’s important to understand common problems related to Elasticsearch concepts: indices, recovery, settings. See detailed explanations below complete with common problems, examples and useful tips.

Index in Elasticsearch

What it is

In Elasticsearch, an index (indices in plural) can be thought of as a table inside a database that has a schema and can have one or more shards and replicas. An Elasticsearch index is divided into shards and each shard is an instance of a Lucene index.

Indices are used to store the documents in dedicated data structures corresponding to the data type of fields. For example, text fields are stored inside an inverted index whereas numeric and geo fields are stored inside BKD trees.

Examples
Create Index

The following example is based on Elasticsearch version 5.x onwards. An index with two shards, each having one replica will be created with the name test_index1

PUT /test_index1?pretty
{
    "settings" : {
        "number_of_shards" : 2,
        "number_of_replicas" : 1
    },
    "mappings" : {
        "properties" : {
            "tags" : { "type" : "keyword" },
            "updated_at" : { "type" : "date" }
        }
    }
}
List Indices

All the index names and their basic information can be retrieved using the following command:

GET _cat/indices?v
Index a document

Let’s add a document in the index with below command:

PUT test_index1/_doc/1
{
  "tags": [
    "opster",
    "elasticsearch"
  ],
  "date": "01-01-2020"
}
Query an index
GET test_index1/_search
{
  "query": {
    "match_all": {}
  }
}
Query Multiple Indices

It is possible to search multiple indices with a single request. If it is a raw HTTP request, Index names should be sent in comma-separated format, as shown in the example below, and in the case of a query via a programming language client such as python or Java, index names are to be sent in a list format.

GET test_index1,test_index2/_search
Delete Indices
DELETE test_index1
Common Problems
  • It is good practice to define the settings and mapping of an Index wherever possible because if this is not done, Elasticsearch tries to automatically guess the data type of fields at the time of indexing. This automatic process may have disadvantages, such as mapping conflicts, duplicate data and incorrect data types being set in the index. If the fields are not known in advance, it’s better to use dynamic index templates.
  • Elasticsearch supports wildcard patterns in Index names, which sometimes aids with querying multiple indices, but can also be very destructive too. For example, It is possible to delete all the indices in a single command using the following commands:
DELETE /*

To disable this, you can add the following lines in the elasticsearch.yml:

action.destructive_requires_name: true

Recovery in Elasticsearch

What it is

In Elasticsearch, recovery refers to the process of recovering an index/shard when something goes wrong. You can recover an index/shards in many ways such as by re-indexing the data from a  backup/failover cluster to the current one or by restoring from an Elasticsearch snapshot. Alternatively, Elasticsearch may be performing recoveries automatically in some cases, such as when a node restarts or when a node disconnects and connects again. There is an API to check the updated status of index/shard recoveries.

GET /<index>/_recoveryGET /_recovery

In summary, recovery can happen in the following situations:

  • Node startup or failure ( local store recovery )
  • Replication of Primary shards to replica shards
  • Relocation of a shard to a different node in the same cluster
  • Restoring a Snapshot
Examples:

Getting recovery information about several indices:

GET my_index1,my_index2/_recovery
Common Problems Related to Recovery Settings
  • When a node is disconnected from the cluster, all of its shards go to an unassigned state. After a certain time, the shards will be allocated somewhere else on other nodes. This setting determines the number of concurrent shards per node that will be recovered.
PUT _cluster/settings{  "transient" :  {     "cluster.routing.allocation.node_concurrent_recoveries" : 3 }}
  • You can also control when to start recovery after a node disconnects. ( This is useful if the node just restarts, for example, because you may not want to initiate any recovery for such transient events )
PUT _all/_settings{  "settings": {    "index.unassigned.node_left.delayed_timeout": "6m"  }}
  • Elasticsearch limits the speed that is allocated to recovery in order to avoid overloading the cluster. This setting can be updated to make the recovery faster or slower, depending on your requirements.
PUT _cluster/settings{  "transient" :  {     "indices.recovery.max_bytes_per_sec" : "100mb"}}

Settings in Elasticsearch

What it is 

In ElasticSearch, you can configure cluster-level settings, node-level settings and index level settings. Here we discuss each of them.

A. Cluster Wide Settings

These settings can be either persistent, meaning they apply across restarts, or transient, meaning they won’t survive a full cluster restart. If a transient setting is reset, the first one of these values that is defined is applied:

  • the persistent setting
  • the setting in the configuration file
  • the default value

The order of precedence for cluster settings is:

  1. transient cluster settings
  2. persistent cluster settings
  3. settings in the elasticsearch.yml configuration file
Examples:

An example of persistent cluster settings update:

PUT /_cluster/settings
{
    "persistent" : {
        "indices.recovery.max_bytes_per_sec" : "500mb"
    }
}

An example of a transient update:

PUT /_cluster/settings
{
    "transient" : {
        "indices.recovery.max_bytes_per_sec" : "40mb"
    }
}

B. Index Settings

These are the settings that are applied to individual indices. There is an API to update index level settings.

Examples:

The following API call will set the number of replica shards to 5 for my_index  index.

PUT /my_index/_settings
{
    "index" : {
        "number_of_replicas" : 5    
     }
}

To revert a setting to the default value, use null.

PUT /my_index/_settings
{
    "index" : {
        "refresh_interval" : null
    }
}

C. Node settings

These settings apply to nodes. Nodes can fulfill different roles, for example, there are master nodes , data nodes, or coordinating nodes. Node settings are set through the elasticsearch.yml file for each node. 

Examples:
  • Setting a node to be a data node ( in the elasticsearch.yml file ) 
node.data: true
  • Disabling the ingest role for the node ( which is enabled by default)
node.ingest: false

For production clusters, you will need to run each type of node on a dedicated machine with two or more instances of each, for HA  ( minimum three for master nodes ).

Notes and Good Things to Know:
  • Learning the cluster settings and index settings is important, it can spare you a lot of trouble. For example, if you are going to ingest huge amount of data into an index, then if the number of replica shards are set , for example at 5 replica shards, the indexing process will be super slow because the data will be replicated at the same time it is indexed. What you can do to speed up indexing is to set the replica shards to 0 by updating the settings, and set it back to the original number when indexing is done, using the settings API.

  • Another useful example of using cluster-level settings is when a node has just joined the cluster and the cluster is not assigning any shards to the node. Although shard allocation is enabled by default on all nodes, someone may have disabled shard allocation at some point (for example, in order to perform a rolling restart), and forgot to re-enable it later. To enable shard allocation, you can update the Cluster Settings API:

PUT /_cluster/settings{ "transient":    {       "cluster.routing.allocation.enable" : "all"     }}
  • It’s better to set cluster-wide settings with Settings API instead of with the elasticsearch.yml file and to use the file only for local changes. This will keep the same setting on all nodes. But if you define different settings on different nodes by accident using the elasticsearch.yml configuration file, it is hard to notice these discrepancies.

  • See also: Recoveries


To help troubleshoot related issues we have gathered selected Q&A from the community and issues from Github , please review the following for further information :

1 Unable to update Indices Recovery settings dynamically in elasticsearch 0.38 K 1

2Elasticsearch does not respond sometimes during indexing 0.30 K  1


Log Context

Log ”updating [indices.recovery.compress] from [{}] to [{}]” classname is RecoverySettings.java
We have extracted the following from Elasticsearch source code to get an in-depth context :

                 RecoverySettings.this.translogSize = translogSize;
            }

            boolean compress = settings.getAsBoolean(INDICES_RECOVERY_COMPRESS; RecoverySettings.this.compress);
            if (compress != RecoverySettings.this.compress) {
                logger.info("updating [indices.recovery.compress] from [{}] to [{}]"; RecoverySettings.this.compress; compress);
                RecoverySettings.this.compress = compress;
            }

            int concurrentStreams = settings.getAsInt(INDICES_RECOVERY_CONCURRENT_STREAMS; RecoverySettings.this.concurrentStreams);
            if (concurrentStreams != RecoverySettings.this.concurrentStreams) {






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