Elasticsearch Enable Shard Rebalancing and Allocation in OpenSearch

By Opster Team

Updated: Oct 19, 2023

| 1 min read


Cluster shard rebalancing and allocation are often confused with each other.

OpenSearch cluster shard allocation

This refers to the process by which any shard including new, recovered or rebalanced shards are allocated to OpenSearch nodes. Cluster shard allocation may be temporarily disabled during maintenance in order to avoid shards from being relocated to nodes that are being restarted and may temporarily leave the cluster.

If cluster shard allocation is NOT enabled, then OpenSearch will not be able to create new indices, recover corrupted indices or rebalance. This situation is very likely to cause data loss if not corrected quickly.

OpenSearch cluster shard rebalancing

This refers to the process by which an OpenSearch cluster may rebalance shards from nodes with high disk utilization (above the value of cluster.routing.allocation.disk.watermark.high) to nodes with lower disk utilisation, or redistribute shards from pre-existing nodes to a new node which has just been added to the cluster.  

If cluster shard rebalancing is not enabled, then OpenSearch will not be able to optimize disk and cpu utilization across the cluster by rebalancing shards from heavily used nodes to underused nodes. 

How to resolve it

The default values are the recommended ones for both of these settings. To restore the default value run the following command:

PUT _cluster/settings
  "transient": {
     "cluster.routing.allocation.enable": "all",

     "cluster.routing.rebalance.enable": "all"

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