Elasticsearch  Template

Elasticsearch  Template

Opster Team

March 2021


In addition to reading this guide, we recommend you run the Elasticsearch Health Check-Up. It will detect issues and improve your Elasticsearch performance by analyzing your shard sizes, threadpools, memory, snapshots, disk watermarks and more.

The Elasticsearch Check-Up is free and requires no installation.

Run the Elasticsearch check-up to receive recommendations like this:

checklist Run Check-Up
error

The following configuration error was detected on node 123...

error-img

Description

This error can have a severe impact on your system. It's important to understand that it was caused by...

error-img

Recommendation

In order to resolve this issue and prevent it from occurring again, we recommend that you begin by changing the configuration to...

1

X-PUT curl -H "Content-Type: application/json" [customized recommendation]

Overview

A template in Elasticsearch falls into one of the two following categories and is indexed inside Elasticsearch using its dedicated endpoint: 

  1. Index templates, which are a way to define a set of rules including index settings, mappings and an index pattern. The template is applied automatically whenever a new index is created with the matching pattern. Templates are also used to dynamically apply custom mapping for the fields which are not predefined inside existing mapping.
  2. Search templates, which help in defining templates for search queries using mustache scripting language. These templates act as a placeholder for variables defined inside the search queries.

Examples

Create a dynamic index template

PUT /_template/template_1?pretty
{
  "index_patterns": [
    "logs*",
    "api*"
  ],
  "settings": {
    "number_of_shards": 2
  },
  "mappings": {
    "dynamic_templates": [
      {
        "strings": {
          "match_mapping_type": "string",
          "mapping": {
            "type": "keyword"
          }
        }
      }
    ],
    "properties": {
      "host_name": {
        "type": "keyword"
      },
      "created_at": {
        "type": "date"
      }
    }
  }
}

Create a search template

POST /_scripts/search_template_1?pretty
{
    "script": {
        "lang": "mustache",
        "source": {
            "query": {
                "match": {
                    "description": "{{query_string}}"
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

Executing a search query using search template

GET /_search/template?pretty
{
    "id": "search_template_1", 
    "params": {
        "query_string": "hello world"
    }
}

The search request will be executed by default on all the indices available in the cluster and can be limited to particular indices using an index parameter.

Notes

  • A dynamic index template is always useful when you do not know the field names in advance and want to control their mapping as per the business use case.

Run the Elasticsearch check-up to receive recommendations like this:

checklist Run Check-Up
error

The following configuration error was detected on node 123...

error-img

Description

This error can have a severe impact on your system. It's important to understand that it was caused by...

error-img

Recommendation

In order to resolve this issue and prevent it from occurring again, we recommend that you begin by changing the configuration to...

1

X-PUT curl -H "Content-Type: application/json" [customized recommendation]


Related log errors to this ES concept


Templates are still reported as out of date after the upgrade. The template upgrade will be retried.
Templates were upgraded successfully to version
Error adding watcher template
Error loading template as part of metadata upgrading
Failed to put audit trail template
Error loading the template for the notification message index
Error loading the template for the
Adding template for index patterns
Removing template
Error updating template ; request was not acknowledged
Templates were partially upgraded to version
Error deleting template

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